Michigan Department Of Transportation

The increased manufacturing of oil and gasoline has increased the utilization of pipeline in the transmission of natural gasoline and oil. The analysis indicated that the use of pipeline as the mode of transportation is proscribed and is still acknowledged because the small market in comparability to the overall dimension of the given mode of transportation . Since 1990, international commerce occurs through ocean freight; this mode of cargo has risen to 65% which has driven the logistic managers with vital challenges in the choice of carrier to transport items . According to Dettmer et al. , the rates of transportations with the class of containerized merchandise have been decreased exponentially since the final decade, making ocean freight as the most value effective mode of transporting products. Researchers such as Waller, Meixell, and Norbis asserted that about 0% of the freights are transported by way of ocean as 25% of heavy products are delivered to international destinations.